Updated: Mar 31, 2020
According to a report compiled by UN Women, 22.3% of women aged between 15 and 49 in sub-Saharan Africa have been reported to have experienced physical and/or sexual violence by an intimate partner within a 12-month period.
It is an established fact that the issue of domestic violence is experienced in every part of the world today, not just Africa. For this reason, many social experts have tried to study its pattern and relate its prevalence to several factors ranging from poverty to lack of sensitization in many of these regions. However, a research conducted by Dr. Neha Hui, a British Researcher from the University of Reading brings a new dimension.
Dr. Neha’s research gave critical analysis of how political conflicts in a particular region could influence the rate of domestic violence in the region. By examining households living in zones with higher exposure to political conflict in Nigeria, she was able to establish several theories that were tested to be true:
1. Political conflict increases domestic violence: Dr. Neha’s research found that the level of political conflict in a region could spike the rate of domestic violence by a large extent. However, it should be noted that there are various factors that largely influence the rate of this effect in any given region.
2. Political conflict reduces women’s decision-making power, which in turn increases domestic violence: She finds that increased incidents of political conflict within a 20 Km buffer reduced decision making of women.
3. Political conflict increases the controlling behavior of men: In order to prove how valid this hypothesis is, Dr. Neha conducted a survey where women were asked of how their husbands/ partners will react if they spoke of other men. From the results of this simple questionnaire, Dr.Neha was able to establish a behavioral pattern which suggests that men will tend to behave aggressively towards their partners in the time of a political conflict.
The whole point: Eradicating domestic violence from our society goes beyond just fighting poverty or our cultural and religious beliefs, but also involves fostering political stability in our society.
Still Craving? Find out more about this research experiment and the results on CGDEV
Author Credit: Ima-Abasi Joseph Pius